Views: 0 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2021-06-17 Origin: Site
Good fencing protects and restricts valuable livestock by means of a barrier that restricts animal movement. Obstacles may be physical, psychological, or a combination of both. A physical barrier fence consists of enough material of sufficient strength to prevent animals from jumping over, under or through a fence. Psychological obstacles depend on the application of pain to prevent the animal from challenging the less intense physical obstacles.
l What is the most considerable factor?
n Goat and sheep
n Cat and dog
n Raccoons and possums
Traditional stockyard materials of barrier fence include barbed, woven, reticulated, and charged wire, as well as combinations of these materials. These conventional materials are still widely used and, if properly constructed, can make excellent fencing. However, when choosing the type of fence, new materials, such as high-strength steel wire, should also be considered.
To be general, animal barrier fence can be classified into these types which are woven wire fences, barbed wire fences, cable wire fences, mesh wire fences, board fences, high tensile fences, electric fences, temporary fences and permanent fences.
The type of enclosure that restricts livestock depends on several factors, including animal species, age, breed and production system. Beef cattle on a controlled grazing system have different fencing needs than horses on a recreational range. Permanent boundary or divider barrier fences are made of different fencing materials than those required for temporary paddocks. At the same time, the type and material of the barrier fence will affect the cost, service life and function of the fence system.
We need to discuss special fencing requirements for various livestock types. The most important criterion to consider in the fence selection process is the fence's protection against livestock. This ability may be diminished if neighbors have the same animal species, or if they have very tasty forage on the other side of the fence. In this case, woven barbed wire with electrified wires has been successfully used. The wire harness should be placed 2/3 of the height of the animal to be controlled. When stocking rates and grazing pressures are high, stronger enclosure types are also recommended for animal control.
Barbed wire and woven wire barrier fences were traditionally used for livestock. Four - or five-wire barrier fences are suitable for cattle. The initial material cost of barbed wire barrier fences is about 70% of that of the braided one for the 1047-12-11 design. However, barbed wire barrier fences require higher maintenance costs and a shorter service life than woven wire barrier fences.
Heavy and overweight braided wire barrier fences, with one or more barbed wire barrier fences above the barrier fence, are ideal for cattle. Barrier fences should be at least 39 inches high. The initial cost of woven barbed wire is about 130% to 175% of the cost of 5 strands of barbed wire. But woven wire barrier fences require less maintenance and last longer than barbed wire barrier fences.
High strength electronic barrier fences with four or more strands of wire also make cattle pens an excellent material. The height of the perimeter barrier fence shall be at least 54 inches. The cost of a four-line high-strength electric barrier fence is about 50% of the cost of a four-line barbed wire barrier fence and 30% of the cost of a 1047-11-12 woven wire barrier fence. High-strength electronic barrier fences require moderate maintenance.
Barbed wire barrier fences are commonly used for sheep and goats. However, it is not recommended that these pens be used for sheep as barbs will pull the wool. In addition, barbed wire barrier fences are not effective in limiting goats if moderate grazing pressure is applied within the barrier fences.
Heavy or overweight braided wire barrier fences are ideal for hornless sheep and goats. Barrier fences should be at least 39 inches high to prevent animals from climbing over them. However, the height of the barrier fence depends on the species to be restricted. Mesh barbed wire barrier fences are also great for non-horned sheep and goats. The use of temporary barrier fences for sheep or goats is not recommended as they are easy to escape
Special consideration must be given to the fencing of horned sheep and goats. The barrier fence should prevent the heads of horned sheep and goats from being placed on the other side of the barrier fence, or should have openings large enough to allow the animal's head to pass through the barrier fence and slide backwards. Permanent electronic barrier fences also make good barrier fences for horned goats and sheep.
Visibility is the most important feature of a racehorse enclosure. Barrier fences with low visibility, such as high strength and barbed wire, should not be used for horses. If these animals become entangled in barrier fences, they can cause serious injuries (such as deep lacerations and broken bones). Do not use woven wire mesh with openings greater than or equal to 4 inches, as legs may get stuck in the openings.
Braided barbed wire with openings less than 4 inches is suitable for horses if individual 1-inch by 6-inch boards are placed on top of the barrier fence to increase visibility. Diamond mesh wire mesh makes a good barrier fence. Electronic fencing is also an option as it prevents contact and reduces the incidence of fencing-related injuries.
Build a 3-foot-high wire barrier fence with sturdy columns. Cats probably won't crawl over them, and most dogs won't be able to knock them down. Bend the bottom of the barrier fence outward to create a 2-foot-wide apron along the ground to prevent dogs from digging under it.
Exclude rabbits from a 2-foot-high barbed wire barrier fence with 1-inch diameter holes. To prevent them from going under, bend the bottom of the barrier fence 90 degrees to create an apron about 1 foot wide and bury it a few inches deep.
Deer is probably the highest ranking of many homeowners. Because deer can jump, the barrier fence needs to be tilted high to stop them. There are many deer stall designs available to game managers. One effective option is an 8 - to 10-foot barrier fence that slopes at a 45-degree angle in the most likely direction. It will make them think twice. Keep the barrier fence flat to the ground, because deer can wiggle under it, too.
These animals can dig and climb, so the barrier fence needs a soft top and a barrier to dig. An 18-inch unattached 4-foot barrier fence at the top will fall on the climbing creature to prevent it from expanding the barrier fence. To prevent them from digging underneath, bend the bottom of the barrier fence 90 degrees to create a 2-foot-wide apron and bury it a few inches deep. Placing wire at the top of a 3-to-4-foot barrier fence also works.
Raccoons and opossums don't like material that sticks to their feet, so putting a bird net on the ground outside the barrier fence and trimming the grass may also deter them.
Producers have many fencing options for keeping and protecting livestock. Many traditional materials, such as barbed and woven wire barrier fences, are suitable for barrier fences. However, before choosing the type of fencing, new materials including high-strength steel wires should also be considered. The choice of fencing type should maximize your fencing needs. Fencing materials should provide the longest life and minimum maintenance to optimize the fencing system to limit and protect livestock. Regular inspection and maintenance are conducive to long-term trouble-free service.
More than 20 years′ experience in the plastic mesh field